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Quién es el 'fotógrafo del año' que retrata la lucha indígena por la tierra

Quién es el 'fotógrafo del año' que retrata la lucha indígena por la tierra
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El uruguayo Pablo Albarenga fue el ganador de los premios Sony World Photography Awards 2020 por su proyecto 'Semillas de la Resistencia'. En este narra con imágenes el vínculo de los habitantes de la Amazonía con su territorio y su constante lucha contra las amenazas externas.

El uruguayo Pablo Albarenga fue elegido fotógrafo del año y además ganó en la categoría Latin America Professional Award, incluída por primera vez este año en los premios Sony para reconocer el trabajo fotográfico en América Latina.

"Fue una sorpresa muy grande, algo que no esperaba. Creo que es muy bueno para Latinoamérica porque es un continente que históricamente ha sido narrado por miradas extranjeras, a través del exotismo y la miseria. Ojalá cada vez más narradores audiovisuales y fotógrafos latinoamericanos se animen a contar nuestras historias", dijo Albarenga.

© Foto : Gentileza Pablo AlbarengaNantu is an indigenous young man from the Achuar Nation of Ecuador who leads a project of solar-powered river boats for collective transport. By installing solar panels on a specially designed boat’s roof, he is working to end Achuar’s dependence on petrol. Left: On his land, Nantu lies dressed with traditional Achuar clothing. Right: the pristine rainforest from the Achuar territory. Sharamentsa, Pastaza, Ecuador. Photo-composition: Pablo Albarenga
Proyecto 'Semillas de la Resistencia' - Sputnik Mundo
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Nantu is an indigenous young man from the Achuar Nation of Ecuador who leads a project of solar-powered river boats for collective transport. By installing solar panels on a specially designed boat’s roof, he is working to end Achuar’s dependence on petrol. Left: On his land, Nantu lies dressed with traditional Achuar clothing. Right: the pristine rainforest from the Achuar territory. Sharamentsa, Pastaza, Ecuador. Photo-composition: Pablo Albarenga
© Foto : Gentileza Pablo AlbarengaTupi (29) has become the first woman in her village to assert that she had faced violence against woman. That was the first step to address the issue of gender violence in her village, San Francisco, in the Extractivist Reserve of the Tapajós-Aparapiuns. As an Tupinamba indigenous woman she has encouraged other indigenous women to tell their stories and fight gender violence embedded in a very patriarchal society. Tupi leads a women’s support group composed entirely by indigenous women. Right: Tupi lying down on her home village. Left: This is the territory Tupi defends: her body and indigenous identity. Pará, Brazil. Photo-composite: Pablo Albarenga.
Proyecto 'Semillas de la Resistencia' - Sputnik Mundo
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Tupi (29) has become the first woman in her village to assert that she had faced violence against woman. That was the first step to address the issue of gender violence in her village, San Francisco, in the Extractivist Reserve of the Tapajós-Aparapiuns. As an Tupinamba indigenous woman she has encouraged other indigenous women to tell their stories and fight gender violence embedded in a very patriarchal society. Tupi leads a women’s support group composed entirely by indigenous women. Right: Tupi lying down on her home village. Left: This is the territory Tupi defends: her body and indigenous identity. Pará, Brazil. Photo-composite: Pablo Albarenga.
© Foto : Gentileza Pablo AlbarengaDani is an LGBT activist from the Prainha II community, on the Tapajós river who fights for her LGBT recognition and also to defend their territroy from agri-business expansion. The natural reserve where she lives is surrounded by soybean fields. Left: One of the soybean fields next to Dani’s territory. Middle: Dani laying on her territory. Right: The limit between the rainforest where Dani lives and the soybean fields. Pará, Brazil. Photo-composition: Pablo Albarenga.
Proyecto 'Semillas de la Resistencia' - Sputnik Mundo
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Dani is an LGBT activist from the Prainha II community, on the Tapajós river who fights for her LGBT recognition and also to defend their territroy from agri-business expansion. The natural reserve where she lives is surrounded by soybean fields. Left: One of the soybean fields next to Dani’s territory. Middle: Dani laying on her territory. Right: The limit between the rainforest where Dani lives and the soybean fields. Pará, Brazil. Photo-composition: Pablo Albarenga.
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Nantu is an indigenous young man from the Achuar Nation of Ecuador who leads a project of solar-powered river boats for collective transport. By installing solar panels on a specially designed boat’s roof, he is working to end Achuar’s dependence on petrol. Left: On his land, Nantu lies dressed with traditional Achuar clothing. Right: the pristine rainforest from the Achuar territory. Sharamentsa, Pastaza, Ecuador. Photo-composition: Pablo Albarenga
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Tupi (29) has become the first woman in her village to assert that she had faced violence against woman. That was the first step to address the issue of gender violence in her village, San Francisco, in the Extractivist Reserve of the Tapajós-Aparapiuns. As an Tupinamba indigenous woman she has encouraged other indigenous women to tell their stories and fight gender violence embedded in a very patriarchal society. Tupi leads a women’s support group composed entirely by indigenous women. Right: Tupi lying down on her home village. Left: This is the territory Tupi defends: her body and indigenous identity. Pará, Brazil. Photo-composite: Pablo Albarenga.
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Dani is an LGBT activist from the Prainha II community, on the Tapajós river who fights for her LGBT recognition and also to defend their territroy from agri-business expansion. The natural reserve where she lives is surrounded by soybean fields. Left: One of the soybean fields next to Dani’s territory. Middle: Dani laying on her territory. Right: The limit between the rainforest where Dani lives and the soybean fields. Pará, Brazil. Photo-composition: Pablo Albarenga.

La serie del proyecto Semillas de la Resistencia está compuesta por imágenes cenitales y divididas a la mitad: en una parte se muestra a los nativos acostados sobre la tierra y en la otra al territorio que están defendiendo. Ambos están a la misma altura para reflejar el tipo de vínculo que mantienen.

"Lo fotográfico es la menor parte del proceso, es más que nada una excusa para poder contar estas historias. La parte más rica de mi trabajo tiene que ver con ese encuentro que se da entre las personas y en el cual, sin dudas, el que más aprende soy yo", añadió el fotógrafo uruguayo de 30 años.

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Para poder realizar el proyecto tuvo que aprender a hablar en público para poder transmitirles a las comunidades el objetivo de su trabajo y construir un vínculo de confianza. Albarenga recalcó que no realiza un fotoperiodismo objetivo, sino que toma postura en la lucha indígena por la tierra.

"Estamos hablando de comunidades que están siendo completamente saqueadas, empobrecidas, amenazadas, violentadas. Cuando uno está en la comunidad todos esos intereses de ellos se vuelven intereses en común y aparecen reflejados en el trabajo. La colección pretende ilustrar aunque sea una pequeña parte de esa resistencia en la Amazonía", concluyó.

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