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Decenas de miles marchan en el corazón de México por los desparecidos de Ayotzinapa

© REUTERS / Edgard GarridoManifestación en memoria de un año de la masacre de los estudiantes de magisterio rural de Ayotzinapa
Manifestación en memoria de un año de la masacre de los estudiantes de magisterio rural de Ayotzinapa - Sputnik Mundo
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Decenas de miles de manifestantes marcharon este sábado por las principales arterias de la Ciudad de México hasta el corazón del país, en la plaza principal del Zócalo, frente al Palacio Nacional, para conmemorar un año de la masacre de los estudiantes de magisterio rural de Ayotzinapa.
© REUTERS / Edgard GarridoManifestantes rompen cristales de comercios
Manifestantes rompen cristales de comercios  - Sputnik Mundo
Manifestantes rompen cristales de comercios

Un mosaico de todos los colores de las izquierdas del país latinoamericano, con predominio de la sociedad civil sin partido y grupos radicales, desafiaron una otoñal tarde lluviosa, entre llamados a construir un frente nacional y convocar a una huelga nacional.

En la protesta multitudinaria hubo conatos de disturbios y algunos encapuchados fueron detenidos tras romper cristales de comercios y lanzar petardos a la sede del Senado, mientras otros manifestantes reprochaban con gritos: "¡no violencia, no violencia!".

Manifestantes protestan exigiendo la justicia en el caso de 43 estudiantes desaparecidos - Sputnik Mundo
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Segundo estudiante de 43 desaparecidos identificado en México
La marcha fue denominada "Día de la Indignación Nacional" y fue replicada en otras ciudades de México, Sudamérica y Europa, en la cual predominaron carteles con los rostros de los 43 estudiantes desaparecidos desde hace un año, de los cuales sólo dos han sido identificados por restos calcinados enviados a un laboratorio de Innsbruck, Austria.

"Hoy el cielo llora, mañana la luna sangra la Tierra, 43 semillas florecen, serán el sol de la justicia", rezaba el cartel que portaba la escritora Elena Poniatowska, Premio Cervantes de Literatura y autora del libro "La Noche de Tlatelolco", sobre la masacre de estudiantes de 1968, que los jóvenes de Ayotzinapa querían viajar a conmemorar el 2 de octubre del año pasado 2014.

Las consignas más gritadas fueron las acusadoras al poder: "Fue el Estado" y "Fuera Peña", contra el presidente Enrique Peña Nieto, quien este sábado viajó a la ONU a pronunciar un discurso ante el Asamblea General anual.

Marcha en memoria de un año de la masacre de Iguala - Sputnik Mundo
ONU pide investigar papel de autoridades en caso Ayotzinapa a un año de masacre en México

La marcha multitudinaria que duró toda la tarde a lo largo de la céntrica Avenida de Reforma, desde el Ángel de la Independencia, tuvo un aliento de fiesta popular luctuosa.

Los manifestantes expresaron su rebeldía inspirados en las tradiciones más profundas de México, como el Día de Muertos, la fertilidad del maíz, las raíces prehispánicas; y el origen indígena de los jóvenes de las montañas de Guerrero, una de las zonas más azotadas por el narcotráfico, sobre todo por el cultivo de amapola y el tráfico de heroína.

Una lista prolongada de movimientos opositores tomó la palabra en el mitin frente al Palacio Nacional, entre maestros disidentes, defensores de migrantes y obreros electricistas, en la cual fue notable la ausencia de partidos políticos de izquierdas con representación en el Congreso.

© REUTERS / Henry RomeroA demonstrator with the word "Justice" written on tape over her mouth, takes part in a march to mark the first anniversary of the disappearance of the students from Mexico's Ayotzinapa College Raul Isidro Burgos, in Mexico City, September 26, 2015. The parents of the 43 Mexican students kidnapped and apparently massacred a year ago demanded a new probe into their fate on Thursday, accusing President Enrique Pena Nieto of ignoring their demands to solve a crime that has battered Mexico's image. The families asked the government to launch a new internationally supervised investigation and to review Mexico's own investigators, after international experts cast doubt on Mexico's official account of the incident. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Un año de la masacre de los estudiantes de magisterio rural de Ayotzinapa. Ciudad de México - Sputnik Mundo
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A demonstrator with the word "Justice" written on tape over her mouth, takes part in a march to mark the first anniversary of the disappearance of the students from Mexico's Ayotzinapa College Raul Isidro Burgos, in Mexico City, September 26, 2015. The parents of the 43 Mexican students kidnapped and apparently massacred a year ago demanded a new probe into their fate on Thursday, accusing President Enrique Pena Nieto of ignoring their demands to solve a crime that has battered Mexico's image. The families asked the government to launch a new internationally supervised investigation and to review Mexico's own investigators, after international experts cast doubt on Mexico's official account of the incident. REUTERS/Henry Romero
© REUTERS / Edgard GarridoA man holds a black Mexican national flag and a sign that reads, "Pena out!" in a reference to Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto, during a march to mark the first anniversary of the disappearance of the students from Mexico's Ayotzinapa College Raul Isidro Burgos, in Mexico City, September 26, 2015. Parents of 43 Mexican students kidnapped and apparently massacred a year ago demanded a new probe into their fate on Thursday, accusing President Enrique Pena Nieto of ignoring their demands to solve a crime that has battered Mexico's image. The families asked the government to launch a new internationally supervised investigation and to review Mexico's own investigators, after international experts cast doubt on Mexico's official account of the incident. REUTERS/Edgard Garrido
Un año de la masacre de los estudiantes de magisterio rural de Ayotzinapa. Ciudad de México - Sputnik Mundo
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A man holds a black Mexican national flag and a sign that reads, "Pena out!" in a reference to Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto, during a march to mark the first anniversary of the disappearance of the students from Mexico's Ayotzinapa College Raul Isidro Burgos, in Mexico City, September 26, 2015. Parents of 43 Mexican students kidnapped and apparently massacred a year ago demanded a new probe into their fate on Thursday, accusing President Enrique Pena Nieto of ignoring their demands to solve a crime that has battered Mexico's image. The families asked the government to launch a new internationally supervised investigation and to review Mexico's own investigators, after international experts cast doubt on Mexico's official account of the incident. REUTERS/Edgard Garrido
© REUTERS / Henry RomeroA demonstrator wearing a Guy Fawkes mask holds a sign during a march to mark the first anniversary of the disappearance of the students from Mexico's Ayotzinapa College Raul Isidro Burgos, in Mexico City, September 26, 2015. The parents of the 43 Mexican students kidnapped and apparently massacred a year ago demanded a new probe into their fate on Thursday, accusing President Enrique Pena Nieto of ignoring their demands to solve a crime that has battered Mexico's image. The families asked the government to launch a new internationally supervised investigation and to review Mexico's own investigators, after international experts cast doubt on Mexico's official account of the incident. The words on the top of the sign read, "We are missing 43!". REUTERS/Henry Romero
Un año de la masacre de los estudiantes de magisterio rural de Ayotzinapa. Ciudad de México - Sputnik Mundo
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A demonstrator wearing a Guy Fawkes mask holds a sign during a march to mark the first anniversary of the disappearance of the students from Mexico's Ayotzinapa College Raul Isidro Burgos, in Mexico City, September 26, 2015. The parents of the 43 Mexican students kidnapped and apparently massacred a year ago demanded a new probe into their fate on Thursday, accusing President Enrique Pena Nieto of ignoring their demands to solve a crime that has battered Mexico's image. The families asked the government to launch a new internationally supervised investigation and to review Mexico's own investigators, after international experts cast doubt on Mexico's official account of the incident. The words on the top of the sign read, "We are missing 43!". REUTERS/Henry Romero
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A demonstrator with the word "Justice" written on tape over her mouth, takes part in a march to mark the first anniversary of the disappearance of the students from Mexico's Ayotzinapa College Raul Isidro Burgos, in Mexico City, September 26, 2015. The parents of the 43 Mexican students kidnapped and apparently massacred a year ago demanded a new probe into their fate on Thursday, accusing President Enrique Pena Nieto of ignoring their demands to solve a crime that has battered Mexico's image. The families asked the government to launch a new internationally supervised investigation and to review Mexico's own investigators, after international experts cast doubt on Mexico's official account of the incident. REUTERS/Henry Romero
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A man holds a black Mexican national flag and a sign that reads, "Pena out!" in a reference to Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto, during a march to mark the first anniversary of the disappearance of the students from Mexico's Ayotzinapa College Raul Isidro Burgos, in Mexico City, September 26, 2015. Parents of 43 Mexican students kidnapped and apparently massacred a year ago demanded a new probe into their fate on Thursday, accusing President Enrique Pena Nieto of ignoring their demands to solve a crime that has battered Mexico's image. The families asked the government to launch a new internationally supervised investigation and to review Mexico's own investigators, after international experts cast doubt on Mexico's official account of the incident. REUTERS/Edgard Garrido
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A demonstrator wearing a Guy Fawkes mask holds a sign during a march to mark the first anniversary of the disappearance of the students from Mexico's Ayotzinapa College Raul Isidro Burgos, in Mexico City, September 26, 2015. The parents of the 43 Mexican students kidnapped and apparently massacred a year ago demanded a new probe into their fate on Thursday, accusing President Enrique Pena Nieto of ignoring their demands to solve a crime that has battered Mexico's image. The families asked the government to launch a new internationally supervised investigation and to review Mexico's own investigators, after international experts cast doubt on Mexico's official account of the incident. The words on the top of the sign read, "We are missing 43!". REUTERS/Henry Romero

"Si el Gobierno le apostó al olvido, ya se jodió", exclamó Felipe de la Cruz, el principal portavoz de los padres de los muchachos desaparecidos desde la noche del 26 de septiembre, cuando cinco autobuses repletos de estudiantes de la escuela de maestros rurales de Ayotizinapa fueron atacados por policías confabulados con el crimen organizado.

"La historia nos enseña que hay dos caminos, agachar la cabeza o ser un pueblo digno", fue la consigna que lanzó la multitud en la principal plaza del país latinoamericano, entre reclamos a la libertad de los presos políticos y llamados a elevar la protesta.

Uno de los himnos más antiguos de las izquierdas de los años 70 fue el grito final de la protesta: "Venceremos, venceremos, al Estado sabremos vencer, socialista será el porvenir", entonaron los manifestantes al final de la manifestación.

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