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Blancos y negros difieren sobre recuperación de Nueva Orleáns 10 años después de Katrina

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La mayoría de los habitantes blancos de la sureña ciudad estadounidense de Nueva Orleans creen que la urbe superó casi por completo los daños del huracán Katrina (2005), mientras la mayoría de los negros creen que no, según una encuesta reseñada este lunes por el diario The New York Times.

Cuatro de cada cinco blancos encuestados consideran que la ciudad ha superado casi por completo los efectos del huracán que alcanzó su territorio el 29 de agosto de 2005, mientras tres de cada cinco afroaestadounidenses sostienen lo contrario, indica la encuesta de la Universidad Estatal de Louisiana.

Estos resultados se relacionan con "las disparidades de la economía local", el "estado en que se encuentran las escuelas" y, en general, "la calidad de vida", señala el periódico.

© REUTERS / Carlos BarriaA marsh wetland is seen near the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States August 18, 2015. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina triggered floods that inundated New Orleans and killed more than 1,500 people as storm waters overwhelmed levees and broke through floodwalls. Congress authorized spending more than $14 billion to beef up the city's flood protection after Katrina and built a series of new barriers that include manmade islands and new wetlands. Reuters photographer Carlos Barria returned to New Orleans after documenting events in 2005 and found a city much rebuilt and renovated, although abandoned homes show Katrina’s lingering impact. REUTERS/Carlos BarriaPICTURE 8 OF 28 FOR WIDER IMAGE STORY "HURRICANE KATRINA 10 YEARS ON"SEARCH "CARLOS HURRICANE" FOR ALL IMAGES
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A marsh wetland is seen near the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States August 18, 2015. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina triggered floods that inundated New Orleans and killed more than 1,500 people as storm waters overwhelmed levees and broke through floodwalls. Congress authorized spending more than $14 billion to beef up the city's flood protection after Katrina and built a series of new barriers that include manmade islands and new wetlands. Reuters photographer Carlos Barria returned to New Orleans after documenting events in 2005 and found a city much rebuilt and renovated, although abandoned homes show Katrina’s lingering impact. REUTERS/Carlos BarriaPICTURE 8 OF 28 FOR WIDER IMAGE STORY "HURRICANE KATRINA 10 YEARS ON"SEARCH "CARLOS HURRICANE" FOR ALL IMAGES
© REUTERS / Carlos BarriaThe remains of a house destroyed by Hurricane Katrina are seen in the Lower Ninth Ward neighbourhood of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, August 16, 2015. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina triggered floods that inundated New Orleans and killed more than 1,500 people as storm waters overwhelmed levees and broke through floodwalls. Congress authorized spending more than $14 billion to beef up the city's flood protection after Katrina and built a series of new barriers that include manmade islands and new wetlands. Reuters photographer Carlos Barria returned to New Orleans after documenting events in 2005 and found a city much rebuilt and renovated, although abandoned homes show Katrina’s lingering impact. REUTERS/Carlos Barria PICTURE 20 OF 28 FOR WIDER IMAGE STORY "HURRICANE KATRINA 10 YEARS ON"SEARCH "CARLOS HURRICANE" FOR ALL IMAGES
Los restos de una casa destruida por el huracán Katrina - Sputnik Mundo
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The remains of a house destroyed by Hurricane Katrina are seen in the Lower Ninth Ward neighbourhood of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, August 16, 2015. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina triggered floods that inundated New Orleans and killed more than 1,500 people as storm waters overwhelmed levees and broke through floodwalls. Congress authorized spending more than $14 billion to beef up the city's flood protection after Katrina and built a series of new barriers that include manmade islands and new wetlands. Reuters photographer Carlos Barria returned to New Orleans after documenting events in 2005 and found a city much rebuilt and renovated, although abandoned homes show Katrina’s lingering impact. REUTERS/Carlos Barria PICTURE 20 OF 28 FOR WIDER IMAGE STORY "HURRICANE KATRINA 10 YEARS ON"SEARCH "CARLOS HURRICANE" FOR ALL IMAGES
© REUTERS / Carlos BarriaThe so called "Great Wall of Louisiana", a 1.8-mile long concrete wall located east of downtown New Orleans, United States, is seen from the air August 19, 2015. This barrier was designed to reduce the risk of storm surge in many parts of the city that were flooded during Hurricane Katrina due to levee or floodwall failures. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina triggered floods that inundated New Orleans and killed more than 1,500 people as storm waters overwhelmed levees and broke through floodwalls. Congress authorized spending more than $14 billion to beef up the city's flood protection after Katrina and built a series of new barriers that include manmade islands and new wetlands. Reuters photographer Carlos Barria returned to New Orleans after documenting events in 2005 and found a city much rebuilt and renovated, although abandoned homes show Katrina’s lingering impact. REUTERS/Carlos Barria TPX IMAGES OF THE DAYPICTURE 3 OF 28 FOR WIDER IMAGE STORY "HURRICANE KATRINA 10 YEARS ON"SEARCH "CARLOS HURRICANE" FOR ALL IMAGES
'La Gran Muralla' de Louisiana, la presa para contener el agua del lago Borgne - Sputnik Mundo
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The so called "Great Wall of Louisiana", a 1.8-mile long concrete wall located east of downtown New Orleans, United States, is seen from the air August 19, 2015. This barrier was designed to reduce the risk of storm surge in many parts of the city that were flooded during Hurricane Katrina due to levee or floodwall failures. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina triggered floods that inundated New Orleans and killed more than 1,500 people as storm waters overwhelmed levees and broke through floodwalls. Congress authorized spending more than $14 billion to beef up the city's flood protection after Katrina and built a series of new barriers that include manmade islands and new wetlands. Reuters photographer Carlos Barria returned to New Orleans after documenting events in 2005 and found a city much rebuilt and renovated, although abandoned homes show Katrina’s lingering impact. REUTERS/Carlos Barria TPX IMAGES OF THE DAYPICTURE 3 OF 28 FOR WIDER IMAGE STORY "HURRICANE KATRINA 10 YEARS ON"SEARCH "CARLOS HURRICANE" FOR ALL IMAGES
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A marsh wetland is seen near the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States August 18, 2015. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina triggered floods that inundated New Orleans and killed more than 1,500 people as storm waters overwhelmed levees and broke through floodwalls. Congress authorized spending more than $14 billion to beef up the city's flood protection after Katrina and built a series of new barriers that include manmade islands and new wetlands. Reuters photographer Carlos Barria returned to New Orleans after documenting events in 2005 and found a city much rebuilt and renovated, although abandoned homes show Katrina’s lingering impact. REUTERS/Carlos BarriaPICTURE 8 OF 28 FOR WIDER IMAGE STORY "HURRICANE KATRINA 10 YEARS ON"SEARCH "CARLOS HURRICANE" FOR ALL IMAGES
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The remains of a house destroyed by Hurricane Katrina are seen in the Lower Ninth Ward neighbourhood of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, August 16, 2015. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina triggered floods that inundated New Orleans and killed more than 1,500 people as storm waters overwhelmed levees and broke through floodwalls. Congress authorized spending more than $14 billion to beef up the city's flood protection after Katrina and built a series of new barriers that include manmade islands and new wetlands. Reuters photographer Carlos Barria returned to New Orleans after documenting events in 2005 and found a city much rebuilt and renovated, although abandoned homes show Katrina’s lingering impact. REUTERS/Carlos Barria PICTURE 20 OF 28 FOR WIDER IMAGE STORY "HURRICANE KATRINA 10 YEARS ON"SEARCH "CARLOS HURRICANE" FOR ALL IMAGES
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The so called "Great Wall of Louisiana", a 1.8-mile long concrete wall located east of downtown New Orleans, United States, is seen from the air August 19, 2015. This barrier was designed to reduce the risk of storm surge in many parts of the city that were flooded during Hurricane Katrina due to levee or floodwall failures. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina triggered floods that inundated New Orleans and killed more than 1,500 people as storm waters overwhelmed levees and broke through floodwalls. Congress authorized spending more than $14 billion to beef up the city's flood protection after Katrina and built a series of new barriers that include manmade islands and new wetlands. Reuters photographer Carlos Barria returned to New Orleans after documenting events in 2005 and found a city much rebuilt and renovated, although abandoned homes show Katrina’s lingering impact. REUTERS/Carlos Barria TPX IMAGES OF THE DAYPICTURE 3 OF 28 FOR WIDER IMAGE STORY "HURRICANE KATRINA 10 YEARS ON"SEARCH "CARLOS HURRICANE" FOR ALL IMAGES

Otro estudio, publicado este mes por la Fundación Kaiser, indica que el 78 por ciento de los vecinos de Nueva Orleans encuestados son optimistas respecto del futuro de su ciudad.

Pero las cifras son diferentes en función de la etnia, pues mientras el 85 por ciento de los blancos se muestran esperanzados, la proporción baja a 75 por ciento entre los afroestadounidenses, y mientras el 70 por ciento de los blancos consideran que Nueva Orleans ya se ha recuperado, solo el 44 por ciento de los negros responden lo mismo.

Con vientos de 200 kilómetros por hora y un frente de más de 200 kilómetros, Katrina, el tercer huracán más potente registrado en el Golfo de México, destruyó los diques de contención de Nueva Orleans, inundó buena parte de sus barrios más pobres y dejó 1.833 muertos.

En la semana del décimo aniversario de la catástrofe se esperan las visitas de los expresidentes Bill Clinton y George W. Bush y del mandatario Barack Obama, quien viajará el miércoles 27 a Nueva Orleáns para promover los esfuerzos de su gobierno para "restaurar las infraestructuras y economías regionales", según el New York Times.

Obama también insistirá en los peligros del cambio climático y en los eventos catastróficos que este podría propiciar, según advierten los científicos.

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